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License Category

Introduction
The following table outline the Driving License Categories and Entitlements and Age Requirements, both tables fall within scope of the Schedule 2 Motor Vehicles (Driving Licences) Regulations 1999.

Regarding the Class of Vehicle able to be driven within the table Driving License Categories, it should be noted that M.A.M. refers to Maximum authorised mass, which equals the gross vehicle weight (GVW).


Licence Categories Class of Vehicle (Section 1 - Cars, Light Vans, Motorcycles and Mopeds)
A Motor bicycles
New licence holders limited to 25kW/33bhp for first 2 years of licence unless large motorcycle test taken on Direct/Accelerated Access scheme
A1 Learner motorcycle (not exceeding 125cc 11kW/14.6bhp) CBT before going on road for learners
B Motor vehicles not exceeding 3500kg M.A.M. and not exceeding 8 passenger seats (+ driver) towing trailer:
  • - not exceeding 750kg MA.M (4250kg tot) , OR
  • - trailer ex 750kg M.A.M. if max authorised combination weight does not exceed 3.5 tonnes and trailer M.A.M. does not exceed unladen weight of motor vehicle **
Holders of full licence before 1/1/97 retain entitlement to B+E, C1, C1+E (8.25 tonnes), D1 (not for hire or reward), and D1+E (not for hire or reward)

** Exemption - to tow damaged or defective vehicle from position where is likely to represent road safety hazard or obstruction to other road users so far as is reasonably necessary providing no consideration received for driving the vehicle - Regulation 7(7).
B+E Cat B + trailers exceeding 750 kg M.A.M.
New drivers must hold Cat B licence and take a separate test
B1 3 or 4 wheel motor vehicles not exceeding 550 kg unladen (Quadricycles)
If they exceed 550kg they fall into Cat B
B1 (invalid carriages) Motor vehicles in Cat B which are Invalid carriages
P Moped
CBT required before going on road by all provisional licence holders and full licence holders who hold full entitlement as result of passing Cat B test on or after 1/2/2001.

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Licence Categories Class of Vehicle (Section 2 - Goods Vehicles, Tractors, Rollers and Electric Vehicles)
C Motor vehicles( not falling in Cat D, F, G or H ) exceeding 3500 kg M.A.M. + trailer not exceeding 750kg M.A.M.
All drivers have to take a separate test and meet higher medical conditions.
C+E Cat C vehicle + trailer exceeding 750 kg M.A.M.
All drivers must hold full Cat C licence, take a further test and meet higher medical conditions.
C1 Motor vehicles 3500 kg - 7500kg + trailer not exceeding 750kg M.A.M. ( limited to 7500kg total if under 21yrs).
New drivers must hold Cat B licence, take a separate test and meet higher medical conditions.
C1+E Cat C1 + Trailer exceeding 750 kg M.A.M. providing the total maximum weight of the combination does not exceed 12000 kgs and M.A.M. of trailer does not exceed unladen weight of motor vehicle. (Under 21yrs limited to 7500kg)
New drivers must hold Cat C1 licence and take further test. Holders of licence valid prior to 1/1/97 limited C1+E (8.25 tonne) unless new test taken.
C1+E (8.25 tonnes) Cat C1 + Trailer exceeding 750 kg M.A.M. providing the total maximum weight of the combination does not exceed 8250kg - the M.A.M. of trailer may exceed unladen weight of motor vehicle.
Holders of licence valid prior to 1/1/97 limited to 8250kg unless new test taken for C1 + E. Under 21yrs limited to 7500kg.
F Agricultural or forestry Tractor except Cat H vehicles.
G Road Roller.
H Tracked Vehicle which is steered by its tracks.
K Mower or Pedestrian controlled vehicles
L Vehicle propelled by electrical power

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Licence Categories Class of Vehicle (Section 3 - Passenger Vehicles)
D Passenger vehicles over 8 seats (+ driver) + trailer not exceeding 750kg M.A.M.
All drivers have to take a separate test and meet higher medical conditions.
D+E Cat D + trailer exceeding 750 kg M.A.M.
All drivers must hold full Cat D licence, take a further test and meet higher medical conditions.
D1 Passenger vehicles with 9 - 16 seats (+driver) + trailer not exceeding 750kg M.A.M.
All drivers will have to take a separate test and meet higher medical conditions.
D1+E Cat D1 + trailer exceeding 750 kg M.A.M. providing the total maximum weight of the combination does not exceed 12000kg s and M.A.M. of trailer does not exceed unladen weight of motor vehicle.
All drivers must hold Cat D1 licence, and take a further test. This is a small PSV licence. Passengers must not be carried in a trailer.
D1(not for hire or reward) Passenger vehicles with 9 - 16 seats (+driver) + trailer not exceeding 750kg M.A.M. driven otherwise than for Hire or Reward.
New drivers will have to take a separate test and meet higher medical conditions. Voluntary and Permit vehicle drivers will not require D1 licence if certain conditions are met.
D1+E (not for hire or reward) Cat D1 + trailer exceeding 750 kg M.A.M. driven otherwise than for Hire or Reward.
The M.A.M. of trailer may exceed unladen weight of motor vehicle.
New drivers must hold Cat D1 licence, and take a further test.

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Entitlements and Age Requirements

Licence Categories Other Full Entitlements Provisional Entitlement Minimum Age Requirements Section 101 Road Traffic Act 1988
A K, P, B1* (* B1 - only if test passed before 1/2/2001) B, F 21 (17)
17yrs - Motorbicycle not exceeding 25kW/33bhp
21 years - Motorbicycle exceeding 25kW/33bhp
or 2 years after passing test (19yrs min) otherwise 17yrs if Motorcycle owned or operated by Secretary of State for Defence used for naval, military or airforce purposes, or being driven by a person subject to orders of member of British armed forces and used for naval, military or airforce purposes.
A1 P A, B, F, K 17yrs - A1 is limited to 125cc/11kW/14.6bhp.
B F, K, P*
* From 1/2/2001 new full cat B licence holders require basic training (CBT) before riding a moped Cat P
B1 and B1 (invalid carriages) - these sub-categories are included with a full Cat B licence although they are not shown on the licence
A, B+E,
G, H
17yrs (16 yrs - person in receipt of disability living allowance at the higher rate providing no trailer is drawn.)
B+E (See above) None 17
B1 K, P A, B, F 17
B1 (invalid carriages) K, P A, B, F 16
C1 None A, B, F 21
C1+E B+E A, B, F 18 yrs - providing the M.A.M of the combination does not exceed 7.5tonnes.
C1+E (8.25 tonnes) B+E A, B, F 17 yrs - vehicles owned or driven by persons under orders of the armed forces
C None C1+E, C+E 21
18 yrs - on an LGV training scheme.
17 yrs - vehicles owned or driven by persons under orders of the armed force.
C+E B, E C1+E, C+E 21
18 yrs - on an LGV training scheme.
17 yrs - vehicles owned or driven by persons under orders of the armed force.
D1 (not for hire or reward) B+E D1+E 21
An 18 year old may drive an ambulance
D1+E (not for hire or reward) B+E D1+E 21
D1 None D1+E 21 yrs
18 yrs - provisional licence holder providing it is not engaged in the carrying of passengers (other than the supervisor and other trainees in the vehicle).
  • 18 yrs - full licence holder if the vehicle is a PSV using a PSV operators licence or a community bus permit and:
  • - the vehicle is in Category D1, or
  • - the vehicle is in any category and is engaged in the carriage of passengers on a regular service over a route not exceeding 50km.
17 yrs - Vehicles owned or driven by persons under the orders of the armed forces.
D1+E B+E  
D None D1+E, D+E
D+E B+E  
F K B, P 17
16 yrs if proceeding to, taking, returning from or having passed a Cat F test and vehicle is wheeled, vehicle + trailer not exceeding 2.45 metre width, trailer is two wheeled or close coupled (840 millimetres) 4 wheel
G None H Age depends on which class of vehicle it falls into:
  • Invalid carriage - 16yrs
  • Moped - 16yrs
  • Motor bicycle - 17yrs
  • Agricultural or forestry tractor - 17yrs
  • Small Vehicle - 3.5t max gross wt, not exceeding 8 passengers + driver - 17 yrs
  • Medium-sized Goods Vehicle - 3.5 to 7.5 tonnes, goods not exceeding 8 passengers + driver - 18 yrs
  • Other Motor Vehicle - 21 yrs
H, None G
K None  
L None  
P None A, B, F, K 16 years

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