Road Transport Operations Poland

Poland, officially the Republic of Poland, is a country located in Central Europe. It is divided into 16 administrative subdivisions, covering an area of 312,696 square kilometres, and has a largely temperate seasonal climate. With a population of nearly 38.5 million people, Poland is the fifth most populous member state of the European Union. Poland's capital and largest metropolis is Warsaw.  

Cabotage 

UK operators may carry loads to, from or through the country. Loads carried between third countries can only do so under a bi-lateral agreement and/or Individual Authorisations. Cabotage is permitted.  Out of all the EU member states, Poland undertakes more Cabotage work than any other. It currently accounts for 30% of all Cabotage across the EU. 

Dangerous Goods 

Poland is party to ADR. It is essential that fully completed ADR documentation is prepared for the movement of dangerous goods. 

For further information, visit the UNECE website at the link below & select the country name applicable - http://www.unece.org/trans/danger/publi/adr/country-info_e.html 

Abnormal Loads 

Vehicles exceeding the weights and dimensions below must apply for a special authorisation which is available by contacting the http://www.gddkia.gov.pl/1062/gddkia-website   

Vehicles exceeding 3.5 metres in width must have an escort; Vehicles exceeding 4.5 metres in height must have a Police escort. 

All abnormal load operators will require a keeper’s certificate to prove ownership of the trailer which must be carried as part of the vehicle documents at all times.
An application form can be downloaded below:

Taxation 

Fuel in the 'running tank(s)' can be imported duty-free. 

Customs 

TIR Carnets are accepted for vehicles crossing Poland. ATA Carnets are accepted for certain temporary imports. CMR notes are required. 

Vehicle Legal Documentation 

  • Green Card required, plus original vehicle registration docs.
  • A GB plate must be fitted to the rear of the vehicle/trailer. A trailer Registration Certificate is a requirement.
    To register for a trailer certificate go to - 
    https://www.gov.uk/register-trailer-to-take-abroad 

Driver Legal Documents 

The following items must be carried by HGV drivers travelling in or through Poland:

  • Full passport 
  • Appropriate driving licence (If the driver is not a citizen of an EU member state he/she will have to carry an international driving licence in order to drive a car). If the driver is a citizen of an EU member state the driver should  ensure that they take it with them as it is valid in Poland. 
  • Letter of authority to drive the vehicle from the registered owner 
  • Attestation letter and form. AETR Hours rules apply. 

If the UK fully leaves the EU on 31 January 2021, HGV drivers will require travel insurance with healthcare cover 

Lights  

The use of dipped beams or daytime running lights mandatory at all times. 

Movement Restrictions 

There are driving restrictions throughout the National Road network for goods vehicles with a Maximum Permissible Weight of over 12 tonnes during Public Holidays:

  • From 18:00 to 22:00 on the eve of public holidays 
  • From 18:00 to 22:00 on all public holidays 

Weekend restrictions during the school summer holidays (June to August)Summer truck bans apply from the last Friday in June to the last Sunday before the start of the school year, i.e. from 26 June to 30 August this year. Trucks over 12 tonnes are forbidden to move:- 

  • On Fridays from 18:00 to 22:00 
  • On Saturdays from 08:00 to 14:00 
  • On Sundays from 08:00 to 22:00 

There are also local restrictions for goods vehicles with a Maximum Permissible Weight of over 16 tonnes within the area of Warsaw. The prohibition is daily from 07:00 to 10:00 and from 16:00 to 20:00. 

The transit of the city of Warsaw by goods vehicles over 16 tonnes (with the exception of traffic serving communities surrounding Warsaw) is forbidden. Transit traffic should divert via roads No. 50, 62 and 60. Vehicles travelling with a C16 identity card onboard are exempt from this restriction. This card is delivered to carriers by the consignor. Restrictions are signposted. 

In addition there are restrictions on HGV movements during periods of high temperatures. Restrictions are notified by the Directorate of National Roads. 

Public Holidays  

The following dates are for the official public holidays in Germany. However, it should be noted that there are several other regional holidays in various states. 

  • January 1 - New Year’s Day 
  • January 6 - Three Kings Day   
  • April 12 - Easter
  • April 13 - Easter Monday 
  • May 01 - Labour Day 
  • May 03 – Constitution Day 
  • May 31  Pentecost Sunday 
  • June 11 - Corpus Christi  
  • August 15 – Assumption Day 
  • November 01 – All Saints Day 
  • November 11 – Independence Day 
  • Friday 25 - Christmas Day 
  • Saturday 26 - St Stephens Day  

Exemptions 

The following vehicle types and operations are exempt from the movement restrictions noted above. 

  • Vehicles used for humanitarian aid; 
  • Vehicles carrying livestock; 
  • Vehicles used for the collection of fresh milk, corn or livestock; 
  • Vehicles transporting liquid fuel, oil products, lubricants, spare parts or freshwater for ships; 
  • Transport of transmission equipment for radio or TV stations; 
  • Transport of equipment intended for mass events; 
  • Vehicles transporting newspapers which constitute a considerable volume of the total cargo or of the available loading space; 
  • Vehicles used for the carriage of drugs or medicines; 
  • Vehicles used for the carriage of mail which constitutes a considerable volume of the total cargo or of the available loading space; 
  • Vehicles whose operation is strictly connected with the necessary maintenance of the production cycle or with providing services to a company working around the clock; 
  • Vehicles transporting dangerous goods, as covered by separate regulations, in quantities for which the orange plate is required; 
  • Vehicles carrying perishable goods or foodstuffs* which constitute a considerable volume of the total cargo or of the available loading space; 
  • Vehicles used for the transport of loads unloaded from railway wagons up to a distance of 50km from the Railhead 
  • Vehicles used in combined transport; 
  • Vehicles returning from abroad to complete a road transport operation or travelling to the consignee who has his registered office in Poland provided that the driver has a valid annual or monthly toll card for driving on domestic roads; 
  • Vehicles that entered Poland before the date or time of the restriction and which may travel up to 50 km from the border crossing, and vehicles in the border zone waiting to exit Poland. 

The exceptions mentioned under points 2 to 14 apply also to empty vehicles travelling to load cargo or on their return journey after unloading on Polish territory. 

 * List of perishable foodstuffs (point 12 above) include: meat and edible offal; fish, shellfish, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates; dairy products, in particular yoghurts, kefir, sour cream, milk, cheese, butter and ice cream; eggs and egg pastes; cut flowers and house plants; fresh and frozen vegetables, fruit and mushrooms; cereals and agricultural produce for the production of food, fodder and vegetable fats; ground cereals, in particular flour, oats, semolina and corn granules; fat and oil of animal or vegetable origin; food preserves, in particular of meat, poultry, fish, vegetables and fruit; sweets and confectionery; preserves of cereals, flour, starch, milk powder and bakery products; soft drinks; remains and waste from the food industry, ready-made animal feedstuff; sugar beet; potatoes; fresh yeast; cultivation medium for mushrooms. 

Road Tolls 

In Poland, the use of main roads by vehicles with an admissible total weight exceeding 3.5 tonnes depend on:

  • Road class 
  • Maximum permissible weight of a vehicle 
  • EURO emission class 
Electronic toll rates for National Roads of Class A and S or their sections 
The toll rate for 1 km travelled on a national road dependent on exhaust emission limits (1) 

Vehicle Category 

*Euro 2 

Euro 3 

Euro 4 

**Euro 5 

MPW (2) over 3.5 tonnes and less than 12 tonnes 

0.40 

0.35 

0.28 

0.20 

Vehicles with MPW (2) of at least 12 tonnes 

0.53 

0.46 

0.37 

0.27 

 

Electronic toll rates for gp and G Class National Roads or their sections 
The toll rate for 1 km travelled on a national road dependent on exhaust emission limits (1) 

Vehicle Category 

*Euro 2 

Euro 3 

Euro 4 

**Euro 5 

MPW (2) over 3.5 tonnes and less than 12 tonnes 

0..32 

0.28 

0.22 

0.16 

Vehicles with MPW (2) of at least 12 tonnes 

0.42 

0.37 

0.29 

0.21 

 *Min / ** Max 

Where it states an MPW (maximum permissible weight) this also includes the total MPW of a trailer (or semi-trailer). 

Bridge and Tunnel Tolls 

At the time of writing we are unaware of any bridge or tunnel tolls not included within the existing toll system, therefore we recommend contacting the online service provider for rates per Euro emissions class and vehicle weights where applicable. 

Maximum Weights & Dimensions 

Height 

4 metres 

Width 

2.55 metres (Fridges 2.6 metres) 

Length 

Artic 16.5 metres Road Train 18.75 metres 

Weight 

Artic 40 tonnes (40 foot ISO containers - 44 tonnes) 
Road Train 40 tonnes 
There is also various maximum permitted weights on vehicles, trailers and road trains which are applicable according to the number of axles. 
NB: There are restrictions on certain roads where single drive axle weights are concerned, it is, therefore, essential to check before using them. 

Safety Equipment 

It is compulsory to carry the following items of equipment and/or observe specific rules: 

  • First Aid Kit (Advisable) 
  • Warning triangle (Required) 
  • Spare bulbs (Advisable) 
  • Breathalyser test kits 
  • Seat belts must be worn (Required) 
  • Snow chains should be carried and used were indicated by the relevant road signs. 

Speed Limits 

Vehicles Concerned 

Residential Areas (Kms) 

Built-Up Areas (kms) 

All-Purpose Roads (kms) 

Expressways / Dual Carriageways (kms) 

Motorways (Kms) 

Rigid Trucks under 3.5 tonnes 

20 

50 

90 

100 

130 

Rigids, Artics & Road Trains over 3.5 tonnes 

20 

50 

70 

80 

80 

Low Emission Zones 

Currently, there is only one LEZ in Poland, which is in Krakow. However, there are other bans/restrictions in other cities in Poland which are available at the website link below: https://www.urbanaccessregulations.eu/countries-mainmenu-147/poland  

Further Reading 

The following link provides guidance and further information,

British Embassy

ul. Kawalerii 12 
00-468Warsaw 
mazowieckie 
Poland 
Tel: +48 (22) 311 00 00  
Web: https://www.gov.uk/world/organisations/british-embassy-warsaw   

Transport Organisation 

Polish Hauliers Association (ZMPD)
Jana Pawła II 78
00-175 Warsaw 
Poland 
Tel: +48 (22) 536 10 0 
Email: [email protected]  
Web: https://www.zmpd.pl/index.php